Fundamentals, obstacles and challenges of public participation in water Management in Mexico / Fundamentos, obstáculos y retos de la participación pública en la gestión del agua en México

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24850/j-tyca-2019-03-02

Palabras clave:

Decision-making, stakeholders, water governance, water resources, water policy

Resumen

In the last three decades, Mexican water management policy has been reformed to include the participation of social actors in the decision-making process. Nonetheless, water governance receives intense criticism from those who consider that this participatory approach has decreased the efficiency in decision-making and others who believe that public participation is not efficiently included. To clarify this debate, we identify the fundamentals, the obstacles, and the challenges of the public involvement in water management through a systematic review of the literature. We found that the restrictions of such involvement are most likely associated with: 1) characteristics and context of the participants; 2) different levels of information and power; 3) institutional arrangement and rules of the process; 4) the lack of resources to participate, and 5) the lack of motivation and political will. The most critical challenges are: a) decentralization; b) the combination of technical and non-technical knowledge; c) the strengthening of capacities for participation, and d) the influence of the government in the decision-making process. With these elements, we elaborate an analytical framework and come up with the recommendations to improve public participation in water management in Mexico.

Biografía del autor/a

Mariana Villada-Canela, UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE BAJA CALIFORNIA

Investigador Ordinario de Carrera Titular B, Tiempo Completo. División de Oceanografía Química. Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Nain Martínez-Segura, University of California

PhD Graduate Student. Department of Environmental Science, Policy & Management. University of California Berkeley.

Luis Walter Daesslé, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

Investigador Ordinario de Carrera Titular C, Tiempo Completo. División de Geociencias Ambientales. Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

Leopoldo Mendoza-Espinosa, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

Investigador Ordinario de Carrera Titular C, Tiempo Completo. División de Oceanografía Química. Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

Publicado

2019-06-21

Número

Sección

Artículos